Members of Lok Sabha
Questions on Role and Functions of Lok
relating to Legislation
Procedural Devices for raising matters
of public interest
Salaries and Emoluments
Contacting Lok Sabha
No. of MPs in Sixteenth Lok Sabha
No. of MPs in each party
List enclosed (Annexure I)
No. of male MPs
No. of woman MPs
Shri Lal Krishna Advani,
Age - 87 (D.O.B. - 08.11.1927)
Shri Dushyant Chautala,
Age-27 (D.O.B. - 03.04.1988)
Question 7. When was
the Lok Sabha (the House of the People) first constituted?
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) was duly constituted for the
first time on 17 April 1952 after the first General Elections
held from 25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952.
Question 8. When was the first
Session of the Lok Sabha held?
Answer. The first Session of the
First Lok Sabha commenced on 13 May 1952.
Question 9. Why is the Lok Sabha called the popular chamber?
Answer. The Lok Sabha is composed
of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the
basis of adult suffrage.
That is why it is called the popular chamber.
Question 10. How many General Elections
to the Lok Sabha have been held till date?
As many as
sixteen General Electionsto
the Lok Sabha
have been held till date. The first General Elections
were held from 25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952; the second
from 24 February to 14 March 1957; the third from 19 to 25
February 1962; the fourth from 17 to 21
February 1967; the fifth from 1 to 10 March 1971; the sixth from
16 to 20 March 1977; the
seventh from 3 to 6
January 1980; the eighth from 24 to 28 December 1984; the
ninth from 22 to 26 November 1989; the tenth from 20 May to 15 June 1991; the eleventh
from 27 April to 30 May 1996; the twelfth from 16 to 23 February
1998; the thirteenth from
5 September to 6 October 1999; the fourteenth from 20 April to 10 May 2004;
the fifteenth from 16 April to 13 May 2009 and the sixteenth
General Elections from 7 April 2014 to 12 May 2014.
11.Who was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha?
Answer. Shri G.V. Mavalankar was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha
(15 May 1952- 27 February 1956).
12.Who was the first Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha?
Answer. Shri M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar
was the first Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha (30 May 1952-7
Question 13.What is the strength of the
Lok Sabha as prescribed in the Constitution?
The Lok Sabha,
as per the Constitution, consists of not more than five hundred
and thirty Members chosen by direct election from territorial
constituencies in the States, not more than twenty Members to
represent the Union Territories [Article 81] and not more than two
Members of the Anglo-Indian Community to be nominated by the
President, if he/she is of the opinion that the Anglo-Indian
Community is not adequately represented in the Lok Sabha [Article
331]. The limit on the
maximum number of Members chosen directly from territorial
constituencies in States may be exceeded if such an increase is
incidental to the reorganisation of States by an Act of
14.What is the life of the Lok Sabha?
Answer. Unless sooner dissolved by the President, the
Lok Sabha continues for five years from the date appointed for
its first meeting and no longer, as the expiration of the period
of five years operates as a dissolution
of the House. However,
while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, this period
may be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding
one year at a time and not exceeding in any case beyond a period
of six months after the Proclamation has ceased to operate.
Question 15. What is the quorum to
constitute a sitting of the Lok Sabha?
Answer. The quorum to constitute a
sitting of the House is one-tenth of the total number of Members
of the House under article 100(3) of the Constitution.
Question 16. Which is the party having
the largest number of Members in the Sixteenth Lok Sabha?
Party having 280 Members is the largest party in the Sixteenth Lok
Sabha followed by the Indian National Congress having 44
Question 17. Who is the Presiding
Officer of the Lok Sabha?
Answer. The Speaker and the Deputy
Speaker are the Presiding Officers of the Lok Sabha.
Question 18. What is the term of
Office of the Speaker?
Answer. The Speaker continues in office till immediately
before the first meeting of Lok Sabha after dissolution of the one to which
he/she was elected, unless he/she ceases to be a Member by any of
the reasons specified in articles 94, 101 and 102 of the
Question 19. Who presides over the Lok
Sabha when the Speaker is absent from the sitting of the House?
Answer. The Deputy Speaker presides
over the Lok Sabha when the Speaker is absent from the sitting of
Question 20. Who presides over the Lok
Sabha when both the Speaker's and the Deputy Speaker's offices
Answer. When the Offices of both
the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker fall vacant, the duties of the
Office of the Speaker are performed by such Member of the Lok Sabha as the
President may appoint for the purpose. The person so appointed is
known as the Speaker pro
Question 21. Who presides over the House
in the absence of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker?
Rules of Procedure and
Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha provide that at the
commencement of the House or from time to time, as the case may
be, the Speaker shall nominate from amongst the Members a Panel
of not more than ten Chairpersons, any one of whom may preside
over the House in the absence of the Speaker and the Deputy
Speaker when so requested by the Speaker or, in the absence of
the Speaker, by the Deputy Speaker. A Chairperson so nominated,
holds office until a new Panel of Chairpersons is nominated,
unless he/she resigns earlier from the Panel or is appointed a
Minister or elected as Deputy Speaker.
Question 22. Who is the present
Speaker of the Lok Sabha?
Answer. Smt. Sumitra
Question 23. Who is the present
Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha?
Answer. Dr. M. Thambi
Question 24. Who is the Leader of the
House in the Sixteenth Lok Sabha?
Answer. Shri Narendra
Question 25. Who is the Leader of the
Opposition in the Sixteenth Lok Sabha?
Answer. No Leader of the
Opposition has been recognised by the Hon’ble
Speaker in the 16th Lok Sabha. (as on 19.05.2015)
Question 26. Who is the
Secretary-General of the Lok Sabha?
Answer. Shri Anoop Mishra.
on members of Lok Sabha
Question 27. How are the Members
of the Lok Sabha
Members of the Lok Sabha
are elected through General Elections, held on the basis of universal
Parliament, from time to time, by law makes provision with
respect to all matters relating to, or in connection with,
elections to the Lok Sabha, including the preparation of
electoral rolls, the delimitation of constituencies and all other
matters necessary for securing the due constitution of the Lok
Sabha. When the seat of a
Member elected to the House becomes vacant or is declared vacant,
or his/her election is declared void, the same is filled through
Question 28.What are the qualifications to become a Member
of the Lok Sabha?
Answer. To become a member of the Lok Sabha, a person
should be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age and possess
such other qualifications as may be prescribed by or under any
law made by Parliament [Art. 84]
Question 29. Who are the nominated
Members of the Sixteenth Lok Sabha?
Answer. Shri George Baker and Prof. Richard
Hay have been nominated by the President of India under Article 331 of the Constitution of
Question 30. Who is the longest serving
Member in the Sixteenth Lok Sabha?
and Shri Ram Vilas Paswan
are the longest serving Members in the Sixteenth Lok Sabha.
Question 31. Which Member of the Lok
Sabha has become the Speaker of the
House in his very first term?
Answer. The Members of the Lok Sabha who
became the Speaker of the House in their first term itself are:
Name of the Speaker
Shri Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar
15.5.1952 to 27.2.1956
Shri M.Ananthasayanam Ayyangar
8.3.1956 to 10.5.1957
Dr. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
17.3.1967 to 19.7.1969
8.8.1969 to 19.3.1971
Shri Kawdoor Sadananda
21.7.1977 to 21.1.1980
Dr. Bal Ram Jakhar
22.1.1980 to 15.1.1985
Shri Manohar Joshi
* Shri M.A. Ayyangar
became the Speaker in the first Lok Sabha due to the sudden
demise of the then Speaker, Shri G.V. Mavalankar
** Following the resignation of
the then Speaker, Dr. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy to contest the Presidential
elections, Dr.G.S. Dhillon
was unanimously elected as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 8
Question 32. What are the powers
of Lok Sabha relating to Money Bills?
Answer. A Bill is deemed to be a 'Money Bill' if it contains
only provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters:
(a) the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or
regulation of any tax; (b) the regulation of the borrowing of
money or giving of any guarantee by the Government of India, or the amendment of the law
with respect to any financial obligations undertaken or to be
undertaken by the Government of India; (c) the custody of the
Consolidated Fund or the Contingency Fund of India, the payment
of moneys into or the withdrawal of moneys from any such Fund;
(d) the appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of
India; (e) the declaring of any expenditure to be expenditure
charged on the Consolidated Fund of India or the increasing of
the amount of any such expenditure; (f) the receipt of money on
account of the Consolidated Fund of India or the public account
of India or the custody or issue of such money or the audit of
the accounts of the Union
or of a State; or (g) any matter incidental to any of the
matters specified in sub-clauses (a) to (f) [Art.110].
A Money Bill
can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha. The Rajya
Sabha cannot make amendments in a Money
Bill passed by the Lok Sabha and transmitted to it. It can, however, recommend
amendments in a Money Bill.
It is open to the Lok Sabha to accept or reject any or all
of the recommendations of the Rajya
Sabha with regard to a Money Bill. If the Lok Sabha accepts any of
the recommendations of the Rajya
Sabha, the Money Bill is deemed to have
been passed by both Houses with amendments recommended by the Rajya Sabha and
accepted by the Lok Sabha and if the Lok Sabha does not accept
any of the recommendations of the Rajya
Sabha, the Money Bill is deemed to have
been passed by both Houses in the form in which it was passed by
the Lok Sabha without any
of the amendments recommended by the Rajya
If a Money Bill passed by the Lok Sabha and transmitted
to the Rajya Sabha is not returned to the Lok Sabha within
the period of fourteen days, it is deemed to have been passed by
both Houses at the expiration of the said
period in the form in which it was passed by the Lok Sabha.
Question 33.What is the legislative
relationship between the Lok
Sabha and the Rajya
Answer. In legislative matters,
both the Houses enjoy almost equal powers except in the case of
Money Bills. The main
function of both the Houses is to pass laws. Every Bill has to be passed by
both the Houses and assented to by the President before it
becomes law. In case of Money
Bills, the Lok Sabha has overriding powers.
Question 34. Is any deadlock
between the two Houses possible?
Answer. Yes. In the case of Bills
other than Money Bills and Constitution Amendment Bills, a disagreement
between the two Houses may arise when a Bill passed by one House
is rejected by the other House; or the Houses have finally
disagreed as to the amendments to be made in the Bill; or more
than six months have elapsed from the date of receipt of the Bill by the other
House without the Bill being passed by it.
Question 35. What is the mechanism for
resolving such a deadlock between the two Houses?
Answer. A joint sitting of both Houses is convened by the President
for this purpose. [Article 108]
Question 36. How many joint sittings of
the Houses have been convened so far?
Answer. So far, joint sittings of the two Houses have
on three occasions.
The first joint sitting was held on 6 May 1961 following a
disagreement between the two Houses over certain amendments to
the Dowry Prohibition Bill, 1959.
This was followed by another sitting on 9 May 1961 when
the Bill, as amended, was finally passed. The second joint sitting was
held on 16 May 1978, following the rejection by the Rajya Sabha of the
Banking Service Commission (Repeal) Bill, 1977 and the Bill was
passed. The third joint
sitting was held on 26 March 2002 when the motion to consider
the Prevention of Terrorism
Bill, 2002, seeking to replace the Prevention of Terrorism
Ordinance (POTO) as passed by the Lok Sabha was rejected by the Rajya Sabha. At this sitting held for the
purpose of deliberating and voting on the Prevention of Terrorism
Bill, 2002, the Bill was passed.
Question 37. Who presides over the
joint sitting of the two Houses?
Answer. The Speaker of the Lok
Sabha presides over the joint sitting of the two Houses. [Article
Question 38. Does the Speaker have
the right to vote?
Answer. The Speaker has a casting
vote in the event of a tie.
It is customary for the Presiding Officer to exercise the
casting vote in such a manner as to maintain the status quo.
Question 39. How many Sessions of
the Lok Sabha are held in a year?
Answer. Normally three Sessions of
the Lok Sabha are held in a year, viz.,
Budget Session - February - May
Autumn or Monsoon Session - July - August
Winter Session - November - December
Question 40.What is meant by
Adjournment, Prorogation and Dissolution of the Lok Sabha?
Answer. "Adjournment" is
a postponement of the sitting or proceedings of the House from
one time to another specified for the reassembling of the
House. During the course of
a Session, the Lok Sabha may be adjourned from day to day or for
more than a day. It may
also be adjourned sine die which means the
termination of a sitting of the House without any definite date
being fixed for its next sitting.
means the termination of a Session of the House by an order made
President under article 85(2)(a) of the
Prorogation of the House may take place any time, even while the
House is sitting. However,
usually, prorogation follows the adjournment of the sitting of
the House sine die.
of the House means the end of the life of the Lok Sabha either by
an order made by the President under article
85 (2) (b) of the Constitution or on the expiration of the period
of five years from the date appointed for its first meeting.
Dissolution puts an end to the representative character of the
individuals who at the time compose the Lok Sabha.
adjournment of the Lok Sabha or its adjournment sine die, the pending
business does not lapse.
Bills pending before either House or Select/Joint
Committee, Motions, Resolutions, and amendments which have
already been moved and pending in the House, and business pending
before a Parliamentary Committee do not lapse on prorogation whereas
all business pending before the House or any of its Committee
lapse on dissolution.
Prorogation terminates a Session and does not constitute
an interruption in the continuity of life of the Lok Sabha which
is brought to an end only by dissolution.
Question 41. What are the methods
of voting in the Lok Sabha?
Answer. The procedure regarding
Voting and Divisions in the House is governed by article 100(1)
of the Constitution and Rules 367, 367A, 367AA and 367B of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct
of Business in Lok Sabha.
The various methods adopted for voting in the Lok Sabha
(i) Voice Vote: It is a simple method for
deciding a question put by the Chair on a motion made by a
Member. Under this method,
the question before the House is determined by the `Ayes' or the
`Noes', as the case may be.
(ii) Division: There are three methods of
holding a Division, i.e. (a) by
operating the Automatic Vote Recording Equipment; (b) by
distributing `Ayes' and `Noes' slips in
the House; and (c) by Members going into the Lobbies. However, the method of
recording of votes in the Lobbies has become obsolete ever since
the installation of the Automatic Vote Recording Machine.
(iii) Secret Ballot: During an 'open' voting period,
the individual results are shown by the three Colours: Green for
‘Ayes’, Red for ‘Noes’ and Yellow for
‘Abstain’ on the Individual Result Display Panel. Secret voting,
if any, is held on similar lines except that the Light Emitting
Diode (LED) on the Individual Result Display Panel flashes only
white light to show that the vote has been recorded.
(iv) Recording of votes by
distribution of slips:
The method of recording of votes by Members on `Ayes' and
`Noes' slips is generally resorted to
in the eventuality of (i) sudden
failure of the working of the Automatic Vote Recording Equipment;
and (ii) at the commencement of the new Lok Sabha, before the
seats/division numbers have been allotted to Members.
(v) Physical count of Members in
their places instead of a formal division: If in the opinion of the Chair,
a Division is unnecessarily claimed, he/she may ask the Members
who are for `Ayes' and those for `Noes',
respectively, to rise in their places and on a count being taken,
he/she may declare the determination of the House. In such a case, the particulars
of voting of the Members are not recorded.
Casting Vote: If in a Division the number of
`Ayes' and `Noes' is equal, the
question is decided by the casting vote of the Chair. Under the Constitution, the
Speaker or the person acting as such cannot vote in a Division;
he/she has only a casting vote which he/she must exercise in the
case of equality of votes.
Question 42: What is Question Hour?
Answer. Rule32 of the “Rules of
Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha” provides that
unless the Speaker otherwise directs, the first hour of every
sitting of the House shall be available for the asking and
answering of Questions. Thus, it is taken up from 1100hrs to 1200
hrs in every sitting. Normally, there is no Question Hour during
the first Session of the new Lok Sabha and also on the day when
the President addresses both houses assembled together or on the
day when General Budget is presented in Lok Sabha and on the
sittings held during the extended period of session or on
Saturdays/Sundays and Holidays.
Question 43. What
is a Parliamentary Question?
Answer. Question is one of the
important Parliamentary devices available to the Members to seek
information on a matter of urgent public importance subject to
conditions imposed by the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of
Business in Lok Sabha and the Directions by the Speaker. A Member
may ask question for the purpose of obtaining information on a
subject matter of public importance within the special cognizance
of the minister to whom it is addressed.
Question 44. What
are the different types of Questions?
Answer. There are basically four
types of Questions:-
A Member who desires an oral answer to his question is required
to distinguish it by an asterix.
Maximum 20 Questions are included in the list of Starred
Questions for a particular day. This is printed on green paper.
Minimum of 15 clear days notice is required for tabling Starred
Questions. The Questions not orally answered in the Starred list
of questions are treated as Unstarred Questions and their replies
are laid on the Table of the House.
These do not carry the asterix mark and
are meant for obtaining written reply. Not more than 230
Questions can be placed on the Unstarred list for a particular
sitting. This list is printed on white paper. Minimum 15 clear
days notice is required for tabling Unstarred Questions. Written
answers given by the Ministers are deemed to have been laid on
the Table of the House at the end of Question Hour.
Question: Question can also be asked on a matter of urgent
public importance at a notice of less than ten clear days. The
list of admitted SNQ is printed on a pink paper. The procedure of
SNQ is regulated by Rule 54 and the basic test for its
admissibility is the urgency of matter. SNQ is asked and answered
soon after the Question Hour.
Private Members: A Question may also be addressed to a
Private Member under Rule 40 of the Rules of Procedure and
Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha, which provides that the subject
matter of the question should be related to some Bill, Resolution
or other matter connected with the Business of the House for
which that Member is responsible. For instance, the Questions
which relates to matters under the purview of Parliamentary
Committees can be addressed to respective Chairperson. Similarly,
Members piloting Private Members Bills and Resolutions can be addressed
questions, which are within cognizance of them under this
provision. The procedure in regard to such questions is the same
as that followed in the case of questions addressed to a Minister
with such variations as the Speaker may consider necessary.
Question 45. What
is the maximum number of Questions admitted for a particular day?
Answer. The maximum number of
Questions to be placed on the list of Questions for oral answers
(Starred Question) on a particular day is 20, while the maximum
number of questions to be placed on the list of Unstarred
Question is 230. However, the number of Unstarred Questions may
exceed by a maximum of 25 Questions pertaining to State/States
under President’s Rule.
Question 46. Whether
there is any restriction regarding the number of notices that each Member may give with regard
Member is permitted to give not more than 10 notices of Questions
both Starred and Unstarred combined for any day. But not more
than five admitted questions, both Starred and Unstarred
combined, by one Member are placed on the list of questions for
any one day. Out of these 5 questions, not more than one Question
distinguished by the Member with asterisk* as Starred is placed
on the list of Questions for oral answer. This limit of one
question for oral answer does not include any Short Notice
Question of the Member which may have been admitted for answer on
that day. However, a Member can have more than one Starred
question in the list in the event of transfer or postponement of
Questions in the printed list from one day to another.
Question 47. Who decides the
admissibility of Questions?
of questions is governed by Rules of Procedure and Conduct of
Business in Lok Sabha, Directions by the Speaker as also the past
precedents. The Speaker, Lok Sabha, decides whether a question or
a part thereof, is or is not admissible under the Rules, and may
disallow any question, or a part thereof, when in his/her
opinion, it is an abuse of the right of questioning or is
calculated to obstruct or prejudicially affect the procedure of
the House or is in contravention of the Rules. The right to ask a
question is governed by certain conditions like it should be
pointed, specific and confined to one issue only. It should not
contain arguments, inferences, ironical expressions, imputations,
epithets or defamatory statements.
What is an
Answer. Another instrument available
to the Members of Lok Sabha for raising issue of public importance
is the Half-an-Hour Discussion. Under this, a Member may raise
discussion on a matter of sufficient public importance which has
been the subject of a recent question, Starred, Unstarred or
Short Notice Question and the answer to which needs further
elucidation on a matter of fact.
Question 49. What
is the procedure for Half-an-Hour Discussion?
Answer. The procedure regarding
Half-an-Hour Discussion is regulated by Rule 55 of the ‘Rules of
Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha’ and Direction 19
of the ‘Directions by the Speaker’. Under this, a Member may give
notice to raise a discussion on a matter of sufficient public
importance and which has been the subject of a recent question,
Starred, Unstarred or Short Notice Question, and the answer to
which needs further elucidation on a matter of fact. A notice is
also required to be accompanied by an ‘Explanatory Note’ stating
the reasons for raising the discussion and should also be signed.
Normally, only one notice of Half-an-Hour Discussion is put down
for a sitting and no formal motion is moved in the House nor does voting take place. The Member who has
given notice makes a short statement and the Members who have
previously intimated the Speaker and have secured one of the four
places in the ballot are permitted to put a question each for the
purpose of further elucidating any matter of fact. Thereafter,
the Minister concerned replies briefly.
Question 50. When
a Half-an-Hour Discussion is taken up?
Discussions are normally held on three sittings in a week namely,
Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Normally, Half-an-Hour Discussion
is not held on the first sitting of the session. Further,
normally the Half-an-Hour Discussion is not held till the passage
of the Finance Bill by the House. As the name suggests, normally
the discussion is for half an hour on the said
days and is taken up during the last half an hour of the sitting.
Question 51. What is a Bill?
Answer. A Bill is the draft of a
legislative proposal brought before the House for its approval.
Question 52. What are the
different types of Bills?
Answer. Bills initiated by Ministers are called
Government Bills and those introduced by Members who are not
Ministers are known as Private Members' Bills. Depending on their
contents, Bills may further be classified broadly into (a) Original Bills (Bills embodying
new proposals, ideas or policies); (b) Amending Bills (Bills
which seek to modify, amend or revise the existing Acts); (c)
Consolidating Bills (Bills which seek to consolidate existing
laws on a particular subject;
(d) Expiring Laws (Continuance) Bills (Bills to continue
an expiring Act); (e) Repealing Bills (Bills seeking to repeal existing
Acts); (f) Bills to replace Ordinances; (g) Constitution
(Amendment) Bills; and (h) Money and Financial Bills.
Question 53. Who decides whether a Bill
is an ordinary Bill or a Money Bill?
Answer. In case any question arises
whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not, the decision of the
Speaker, Lok Sabha, thereon, is final. When a Bill is held to be a
Money Bill, the Speaker endorses a certificate thereon duly
signed by the Speaker to that effect that it is a Money Bill
before the Bill is sent to the Rajya Sabha or presented to the President for
Question 54. What is the
difference between a Bill and an Act?
Answer A Bill is a draft
legislative proposal before the House. It becomes an Act only when passed
by both the Houses of Parliament and assented to by the
Question 55. What are the various steps
involved in the passage of a Bill?
Answer. A Bill while being considered has to undergo
three stages in each House of Parliament. The first stage consists of
the introduction of the Bill which is done on a motion moved by
either a Minister or a Member.
the second stage, any
of the following motions can be moved: that the Bill be taken into consideration; that it be referred
to a Select Committee of the House; that it be referred to a
Joint Committee of the two Houses; or that it be circulated for
the purpose of eliciting opinion thereon. Thereafter, the Bill is
taken up for clause-by-clause consideration as introduced or as
reported by the Select/Joint Committee.
third stage is confined
to the discussion on the motion that the Bill be passed and the
Bill is passed/rejected either by voting or voice vote (or
returned to the Lok Sabha
by the Rajya Sabha
in the case of a Money Bill).
Question 56. What is Budget?
Answer. Budget is the `Annual
Financial Statement' or the Statement of the
Estimated Receipts and Expenditure of the Government of India in
respect of each financial year, presented to the Lok Sabha on such
day as the President may direct.
A copy of the Budget is laid in the Rajya
Sabha soon after its presentation in
the Lok Sabha. The
preparation and presentation of the Budget for the approval of
the Legislature is a constitutional obligation on the part of the
Government, both at the Centre and in the States.
Question 57. When is the Budget
Session of Parliament held?
Answer. The Budget Session of
Parliament is normally held during February to May of the
year. During this period, the Budget
comes before the Parliament for its deliberation, voting and
approval; the Departmentally related Standing Committees consider
the Demands for Grants of Ministries/Departments and report on
the same to the Houses of Parliament.
Question 58. Who presents the Budget
in the House?
Answer. Two types of Budgets are
usually presented in the House namely, the General Budget and the
Railway Budget. The General Budget is presented by the Minister
of Finance and the Railway Budget by the Minister of Railways.
Devices for raising matters of public interest
Question 59. What is a Calling Attention ?
Answer. Under this procedural device, a Member may, with
the prior permission of the Speaker, call the attention of a
Minister to any matter of urgent public importance and the
Minister may make a brief statement thereon. There shall be no
debate on such a statement at the time it is made. After the statement, brief
clarifications can be sought from the Minister by the Member who
has initiated the Calling Attention and other Members whose names
appear in the List of Business are called by the Speaker. Only those matters which are
primarily the concern of the Union Government can be raised
through a Calling Attention notice. The Calling Attention procedure
is an Indian innovation which combines asking a question with supplementaries and making brief comments;
the Government also gets adequate opportunity to state its
case. The Calling
Attention matter is not subject to the vote of the House.
Question 60. What is a Motion?
Answer. The term `motion' in
parliamentary parlance means any formal proposal made to the House by a Member for
the purpose of eliciting a
decision of the House. It
is phrased in such a way that, if adopted, it will purport to
express the judgement or will of the House. Any matter of importance can be
the subject matter of a motion.
The mover of a motion frames it in a form in which he/she
wishes it ultimately to be passed by the House and on which a
vote of the House can conveniently be taken.
Question 61. What are the different
types of Motions?
Answer. Motions may be classified
into three broad categories, namely, substantive motions,
substitute motions and subsidiary motions.
substantive motion is a self-contained, independent proposal made
in reference to a subject which the mover wishes to bring
forward. All Resolutions, Motions
for election of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, and Motion of
Thanks on the Address by the President, etc. are examples of
motion, as its name suggests, is moved in substitution of the
original motion for taking into consideration a policy or situation or
statement or any other matter.
Amendments to substitute motions are not permissible.
motions depend upon or relate to other motions or follow up on
some proceedings in the House.
By itself, a subsidiary motion has no meaning and is not
capable of stating the decision of the House without reference to
the original motion or the proceedings of the House.
Question 62. What is an
Answer. Adjournment Motion is the procedure for adjournment
of the business of the House for the purpose of discussing a
definite matter of urgent public importance, which can be moved
with the consent of the Speaker.
The Adjournment Motion, if admitted, leads to setting
aside of the normal business of the House for discussing the
matter mentioned in the motion.
To be in order, an adjournment motion must raise a matter
of sufficient public importance to warrant interruption of normal
business of the House and the question of public importance is
decided on merit in each individual case. The purpose of an Adjournment
Motion is to take the Government to task for a recent act of
omission or commission having serious consequences. Its adoption is regarded as a
sort of censure of the Government.
Question 63. What is a Motion of
Answer. The Government must always enjoy majority support
in the popular House to remain in power. If need be, it has to
demonstrate its strength on the floor of the House by moving a
Motion of Confidence and winning the confidence of the
House. In view of the
express Constitutional provision regarding collective
responsibility of the Council of Ministers to the Lok Sabha, a
motion expressing want of confidence in an individual Minister is
out of order; under the Rules, only a motion expressing want of
confidence in the Council of Ministers as a body is
admissible. Rule 198 of
the Rules of Procedure and
Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha lays down the procedure for
moving a Motion of No-Confidence in the Council of
Ministers. The usual
format of such a motion is that "this House expresses its
want of confidence in the Council of Ministers". A Motion of
No-confidence need not set out any grounds on which it is
based. Even when grounds
are mentioned in the notice and read out in the House, they do
not form part of the No-confidence Motion.
Question 64. What is a No-Day-Yet-Named
Answer If the Speaker admits
notice of a motion and no date is fixed for its discussion, it is
called a "No-Day-yet-Named Motion" and a copy of the
admitted motion is forwarded to the Minister concerned with the
subject matter of the motion.
notices of such motions may be placed before the Business
Advisory Committee for selecting the motions for discussion in
the House according to the urgency and importance of the
subject-matter thereof, and allotting time for the same.
Question 65. What is meant by a
Discussion under Rule 193?
Answer. Discussion under Rule 193
does not involve a formal motion before the House. Hence no voting can take place
after discussion on matters under this rule. The Member
who gives notice may make a short statement and such of the
Members as have previously intimated to the Speaker, may be
permitted to take part in the discussion. The Member who raises the
discussion has no right of reply.
At the end of the discussion, the Minister concerned gives
a brief reply.
Question 66. What is a Short Duration
Answer. In order to provide
opportunities to Members to discuss matters of urgent public
importance, a convention was established in March 1953 which was
incorporated later into the Rules
of Procedure and conduct of Business in Lok Sabha under Rule
193 as Short Duration Discussion.
Under this Rule, Members can raise discussion for short
durations without a formal motion or vote thereon.
Question 67. What is meant by matters
under Rule 377?
which are not points of order can be
raised by way of Special Mentions under Rule 377. This procedural device, framed
in 1954, provides opportunity to the Members to raise matters of
general public interest.
At present, the number of matters that can be raised by
Members under rule 377 on a single day is 20.
Question 68. What is ‘Zero Hour’ ?
Answer. The time immediately
following the Question Hour and laying of papers and
before any listed business is taken up in the House has come to
be popularly known as the `Zero Hour'. As it starts around 12 noon,
this period is euphemistically termed as `Zero Hour'. For raising matters during the
‘Zero Hour’ in Lok Sabha,
Members give notice between 8.30 a.m. and 9.00 a.m. everyday to the Speaker stating clearly the
subject which they consider to be important and wish to raise in
the House. It is, of
course, for the Speaker to allow or not to allow for raising such
matters in the House. The
term `Zero Hour' is not formally recognised in our parliamentary
Question 69. How many matters are
allowed to be raised under ‘Zero
Answer. At present, twenty matters
per day as per their priority in the ballot are allowed to be
raised during "Zero Hour". The order in which the matters
will be raised is decided by the Speaker at his/her
discretion. In the first
phase, 5 matters of urgent national and international importance,
as decided by the Chair, are taken up after Question Hour and laying of papers, etc. In the second phase, the
remaining admitted matters of urgent public importance are taken
up after 6.00 P.M. or at the end of the regular business of the
However, since there is no provision in the
rules regarding ‘Zero Hour’, hence there is no maximum limit on
the number of matters that can be raised on any given day.
Question 70. What is a Resolution?
Answer A Resolution is a formal
expression of the sense, will or action of the Legislative
Body. Resolutions may be
broadly divided into three categories:
Resolutions which are expression of
opinion by the House: Since the
purpose of such a Resolution is merely to obtain an expression of
opinion of the House, the Government is not bound to give effect
to the opinions expressed in these Resolutions.
Resolutions which have statutory effect:
The notice of a Statutory Resolution is given in pursuance of a
provision in the Constitution or an Act of Parliament. Such a Resolution, if adopted,
is binding on the Government and has the force of law.
Resolutions which the House passes in
the matter of control over its own proceedings: It has the force of law and its
validity cannot be challenged in any court of law. The House, by such a
Resolution, evolves, sometimes, its own procedure to meet a
situation not specifically provided for in the Rules.
Question 71. What is a Point of Order?
Point of Order relates to the interpretation or enforcement of
the Rules of Procedure and
Conduct of Business in the House or convention or such
Articles of the Constitution as regulate the business of the
House and raises a question which is within the cognizance of the
Point of Order may be raised only in relation to the business
before the House at the moment, provided that the Speaker may
permit a Member to raise a Point of Order during the interval
between the termination of one item of business and the
commencement of another if it relates to maintenance of order in,
or arrangement of business before, the House. A Member may formulate a Point
of Order and the Speaker shall decide whether the point raised is
a Point of Order and if so give the decision thereon, which is
Question 72. Does the Speaker have the
power to adjourn the House or suspend the sitting?
Rule 375, in the case of a grave disorder arising in the House,
the Speaker may, if thinks it necessary to do so, adjourn the
House or suspend any sitting for a time to be named by the
Question 73. When does the
President address the Parliament?
Answer. The Constitution provides
for an Address by the President to either House or both Houses assembled together [Article
Constitution also makes
incumbent upon the President to address both Houses of Parliament
assembled together at the commencement of the first Session
after each General Election
to the Lok Sabha and at the commencement of the first Session
each year and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons.
[Article 87(1)]. The matters referred to in the Address by the
President to the Houses are discussed on a Motion of Thanks moved
by a Member and seconded by another Member.
Question 74. Can Members raise questions
on the Address by the President?
Answer. No Member can raise
questions on the Address by the President. Any action on the part
of a Member which mars the occasion or creates
disturbance is punishable by the House to which
that Member belongs. Discussion on matters
referred to in the Address takes place on a Motion of Thanks
moved by a Member and seconded by another Member. The scope of discussion on the
Address is very wide and the functioning of the entire
administration is open for discussion; the limitations inter alia are that
Members should not refer to matters which are not the direct
responsibility of the Government of India, and the name of the
President should not be brought in during the debate since the
Government, and not the President, is responsible for the
contents of the Address.
Privileges/Immunities, Salaries and Emoluments
Question 75. What
are parliamentary privileges?
Answer The term `parliamentary
privilege' refers to certain rights and immunities enjoyed by
each House of Parliament and Committees of each House
collectively, and by Members of each House
which they cannot discharge their functions efficiently and
effectively. The object
of parliamentary privileges is to safeguard the freedom, the
authority and the dignity of Parliament. The powers, privileges and
immunities of either House of Parliament and of its Committees
and Members have mainly been laid down in article 105 of the Constitution.
The House has the power to punish any person who commits a
contempt of the House or a breach of any of its privileges.
Question 76. Are the parliamentary
privileges codified in India?
Answer. No law has so far been
enacted by Parliament in pursuance of article 105(3) of the
Constitution to define the powers, privileges and immunities
available to each House and its Members and the Committees
thereof. In the absence
of any such law, the powers, privileges and immunities of the
Houses of Parliament, and of the Members and the Committees
thereof, shall be those of that House and of its Members and
Committees immediately before the coming into force of section 15
of the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978.
Question 77. What is the difference
between breach of privilege and contempt of the House?
Answer. When any of the privileges,
either of the Members individually or of the House in its
collective capacity, is disregarded or attacked by any individual
or authority, the offence is called a `breach of privilege'.
of the House may be defined generally as any act or omission
which obstructs or impedes either House of Parliament in the
performance of its functions, or which obstructs or impedes any
Member or officers of such House in the discharge of his or her
duty, or which has a tendency, directly or indirectly, to produce
such results even though there is no precedent of the
offence. Whereas all
breaches of privilege are contempts of the
House, a person may be guilty of a contempt of the House even
though he does not violate any of the privilege of the House,
e.g. when he disobeys an order to attend a Committee or publishes
reflections on the character or conduct of a Member in his
capacity as a Member.
Question 78. What is the procedure for
addressing a question of privilege?
Answer. A question of privilege may
either be considered and decided by the House itself
or it may be referred by the House or by the Speaker to the
Committee of Privileges for examination, investigation and
Question 79. What is the rule relating
to 'Automatic Suspension' of a Member?
Answer. Rule 374A of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha
provides that in the event of grave disorder occasioned by a Member coming
into the well of the House or abusing the rules of the House
persistently and wilfully obstructing its business by shouting
slogans or otherwise, such Member shall, on being named by the
automatically suspended from the service of the House for five
consecutive sittings or the remainder of the Session, whichever
Question 80. What is the MPLAD Scheme?
Answer. The Member of Parliament Local Area Development
Scheme (MPLADS) was introduced in December 1993. Under this Scheme, a Member of Lok Sabha has the
choice to suggest to the Head of the District, developmental
works to the tune of Rs. Five crore per
year, to be taken up in his/her constituency.
Question 81. What is the current
salary of a Member?
Answer. At present, a Member of
Parliament is entitled to Rs. 50,000/- per month as salary, Rs.
45,000/- per month as Constituency Allowance, Rs.45,000/-
per month as Office Expense Allowance out of which Rs. 15,000/- is
for meeting expenses of stationery items and postage; and up to
Rs. 30,000/- is paid by the Lok Sabha Secretariat to the person(s) as may be
engaged by a member for obtaining secretarial assistance. A
Member also gets daily allowance of Rs. 2,000 for the period of
residence on duty. Daily
allowance will be paid only when he/she signs the register
maintained for the purpose.
Question 82. Are Members of Parliament
entitled to any pension?
Answer. Every person who has
served as a Member of the Provisional Parliament or either House
of Parliament for any period is entitled to a pension of Rs.20,000/- per month w.e.f.
18 May 2009. Where any
person has served for a period exceeding five years, he/she shall
be paid an additional pension of Rs.1500/- per month for every
year in excess of five years.
For the purpose of calculation of years for determination
of additional pension, the period of nine months or more is
treated as one complete year.
Question 83. Where do I get more
information on Members of Lok Sabha?
Answer. The Lok Sabha Web Site (http://loksabha.nic.in) has a section on Members which gives
information about its Members.
84. How can I get in touch with a Member of
Answer. Members can be contacted through E-mail.
Local addresses of Members of Lok
Sabha are also available at the Lok
Sabha Web Site (http://loksabha.nic.in).
Question 85. Where do I get information
on the Sessions of Lok Sabha?
Answer. The Lok Sabha Web Site (http://loksabha.nic.in) has a section on Legislation which contains
information on the Sessions of the Lok Sabha.
Question 86. Who maintains the Lok Sabha
website and how do I send a feedback?
Answer. The Lok Sabha Web Site is maintained by the
Computer (HW&SW) Management Branch of the Lok Sabha
Secretariat. The E-mail
address for feedback is firstname.lastname@example.org