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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO: 116
ANSWERED ON:  11.02.2019
Child Labour
Richard Hay
Will the Minister of



LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT be pleased to state:-


(a)whether in view of the fact that child labour could not be fully eradicated, the Government has provided logistical and monetary support to different States to contain this critical problem and if so, the details thereof;
(b)the extent to which the Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act has been effectively enforced in different States as it is reported that child labour employment is still in vogue in many parts of the country and the number of prosecutions and convictions is just a one digit, pitiably low figure, in most of the States;
(c)the number of cases of violations reported by the inspection officers, State/UT-wise; and
(d)the number of programmes conducted under the National Child Labour Project and the number of child labour saved and enrolled in the Special Training Centres?


ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE (IC) FOR LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
(SHRI SANTOSH KUMAR GANGWAR)

(a) to (d): A statement is laid on the Table of the House.

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A STATEMENT IS REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) TO (d) OF LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 116 FOR 11.02.2019 REGARDING CHILD LABOUR BY PROF. RICHARD HAY.

(a): Child Labour is an outcome of various socio-economic problems such as poverty, economic backwardness and illiteracy. Government is following a multi-pronged strategy for elimination of child labour. It comprises of statutory and legislative measures, rehabilitation and universal elementary education along with convergence with other schemes for socio economic development.
After strengthening the legislative framework through amendment in Child Labour Act, Government has framed the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2017 which inter alia specifies the duties and responsibilities of State Governments and District Authorities to ensure effective enforcement of the provisions of the Act. Government has also devised a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) as a ready reckoner for trainers, practitioners and enforcing and monitoring agencies.
Government is also implementing the National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme for rehabilitation of child labour. Under the Scheme children in the age group of 9-14 years, rescued/withdrawn from work are enrolled in the NCLP Special Training Centres, where they are provided with bridge education, vocational training, mid day meal, stipend, health care, etc. before being mainstreamed into formal education system.
Further to ensure effective enforcement of the provisions of the Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 and smooth implementation of the NCLP Scheme a separate online portal Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour (PENCIL) has been developed and is in operation.
The Grant-in-Aid released under NCLP Scheme during last four years, State-wise and year-wise, is given at Annexure-I.
(b) & (c): The Child & Adolescent Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 provides for complete prohibition of work or employment of children below 14 years in any occupation and process and adolescents in the age group of 14 to 18 years in hazardous occupations and processes. The amendment also provides stricter punishment for employers for violation of the Act and made the offence as cognizable. As per the information received from the States/UTs, the number of violations detected, prosecutions launched and convictions made under the Child Labour Act, State/UT wise, during the last four years is given at Annexure-II.
Contd..


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(d) The NCLP Scheme is a Central Sector Scheme. Under the Scheme, project societies are set up at the district level under the Chairpersonship of the Collector/District magistrate for overseeing the implementation of the project. Under the NCLP Scheme, children are withdrawn from work and are put into Special Training Centers, where they are provided with bridge education, vocational training, mid-day meal, stipend, health-care facilities etc. and finally mainstreamed to the formal education system. Further, under the Scheme, the Ministry funds awareness generation campaigns against the evils of child labour and enforcement of child labour laws through electronic and print media.
As per the information received from District Project Societies the number of child labourers rescued/withdrawn from work, rehabilitated and mainstreamed under National Child Labour Project Scheme during the last four years, State-wise is given at Annexure-III.



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