Download as PDF Print
PDF/WORD(Hindi) PDF/WORD
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT
LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO: 252
ANSWERED ON:  28.12.2018
Deaths due to Gender Bias
JITENDRA CHAUDHURY
Will the Minister of



WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT be pleased to state:-


(a) whether according to a Lancet report, about 2.39 lakh girls below the age of five die due to neglect linked to gender based discrimination and if so, the details thereof;
(b) whether the report has also stated that 22 per cent of the overall mortality burden of young girls in India is attributable to gender bias and if so, the details thereof;
(c) whether the study has further revealed that Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh accounted for more than 70 per cent of avoidable deaths in the country and if so, the details thereof during the last three years, State/ UT-wise; and
(d) the action taken by the Government in this regard?


ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVLOPMENT
(DR. VIRENDRA KUMAR)


(a) to (d): A statement is laid on the table of the House.



*******


STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN THE REPLY OF LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 252 FOR 28.12.2018 RAISED BY SHRI JITENDRA CHAUDHURY REGARDING ‘DEATHS DUE TO GENDER BIAS’’

(a) to (d): No information is available in this Ministry regarding Lancet report. However, as per the information received from Ministry of Health and Family Welfare about mortality rate and steps taken by the Ministry to reduce the mortality rate are as under:

As per Sample Registration System (SRS) 2016, U5MR of India is 39 per 1,000 live births. However, mortality for girl child was 41 whereas, that for male child is 37. In 2011 U5MR was 55. Mortality for girl child was 59 whereas, that for male child was 51. There has been 18 points decline in girl child mortality as against 14 points decline in male child mortality. Thus gender gap has decreased from 8 points in 2011 to 4 points in 2016. Details as given below.
Sample Registration System (SRS) Year Under 5 Mortality Female Under 5 Mortality Male Under 5 Mortality
SRS 2011 55 59 51
SRS 2016 39 41 37
Points reduction (2011 to 2016) 16 18 14
Relative reduction in % 29 % 30.5 % 27.4 %









State-wise trend of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) per 1000 live births placed as annexure at Annexure-1.
To reduce Under 5 Mortality, various programmes and schemes under National Health Mission are being implemented by States/ UTs and the Central government recommends financial assistance to States/ UTs based on proposals received in their Annual Program Implementation Plan (APIP).

(1) Promotion of Institutional deliveries through cash incentive under Janani SurakshaYojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) which entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to absolutely free ante-natal check-ups, delivery including Caesarean section, post-natal care and treatment of sick infants till one year of age.

(2) Strengthening of delivery points for providing comprehensive and quality Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Services, ensuring essential newborn care at all delivery points, establishment of Special Newborn Care Units (SNCU), Newborn Stabilization Units (NBSU) and Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) units for care of sick and small babies. Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and Home Based Care of Young Children (HBYC) are being provided by ASHAs to improve child rearing practices.

(3) Early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding for first six months and appropriate Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices are promoted in convergence with Ministry of Women and Child Development. Village Health and Nutrition Days (VHNDs) are observed for provision of maternal and child health services and creating awareness on maternal and child care including health and nutrition education. Mothers’ Absolute Affection (MAA) programme for improving breastfeeding practices (Initial Breastfeeding within one hour, Exclusive Breastfeeding up to six months and complementary feeding up to two years) through mass media campaigns and capacity building of health care providers in health facilities as well as in communities.


(4) Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) is being supported to provide vaccination to children against many life threatening diseases such as Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Polio, Tetanus, Hepatitis B and Measles. “Mission Indradhanush and Intensified Mission Indradhanush” was launched to fully immunize children who are either unvaccinated or partially vaccinated; those that have not been covered during the rounds of routine immunization for various reasons.

(5) Name based tracking of mothers and children till two years of age (Mother and Child Tracking System) is done to ensure complete antenatal, intranatal, postnatal care and complete immunization as per schedule

(6) Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) for health screening, early detection of birth defects, diseases, deficiencies, development delays and early intervention services has been Operationalized to provide comprehensive care to all the children in the age group of 0-18 years in the community.

(7) Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres (NRCs) have been set up at public health facilities to treat and manage the children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) admitted with medical complications.

(8) Iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation for the prevention of anaemia among the vulnerable age groups, home visits by ASHAs to promote exclusive breast feeding and promote use of ORS and Zinc for management of diarrhoea in children.

(9) Health and nutrition education through Information, Education & Communication (IEC) and Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) to promote healthy practices and create awareness to generate demand and improve service uptake.

(10) Capacity building of health care providers: Various trainings are being conducted to build and upgrade the skills of health care providers in basic and comprehensive obstetric care of mother during pregnancy, delivery and essential new-born care.


********

Annexure: 1
State wise Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR)
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
States T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F
India 55 51 59 52 49 56 49 47 53 45 42 49 43 40 45 39 37 41
Andhra Pradesh 45 42 49 43 40 46 41 40 42 40 39 41 39 37 42 37 36 38
Assam 78 75 82 75 71 80 73 68 77 66 63 70 62 58 66 52 48 57
Bihar 59 56 62 57 54 60 54 51 58 53 49 58 48 43 54 43 35 41
Chhattisgarh 57 49 66 55 48 62 53 47 59 49 44 55 48 45 51 49 49 48
Delhi 32 29 35 28 27 30 26 25 28 21 19 24 20 18 23 22 22 23
Gujarat 52 49 54 48 46 50 45 44 46 41 40 23 39 38 41 33 34 33
Haryana 51 45 58 48 45 52 45 42 49 40 37 43 43 41 46 37 34 42
Himachal Pradesh 46 43 49 43 40 46 41 37 45 36 35 37 33 34 32 27 26 29
Jammu & Kashmir 45 45 45 43 42 45 40 40 39 35 33 37 28 25 31 26 25 28
Jharkhand 54 45 63 50 47 54 48 45 51 44 40 48 39 35 44 33 31 35
Karnataka 40 38 42 37 35 39 35 33 36 31 30 33 31 31 32 29 26 31
Kerala 13 12 14 13 12 14 12 11 14 13 12 15 13 12 14 11 10 12
Madhya Pradesh 77 72 82 73 69 78 69 65 74 65 60 70 62 63 61 55 58 52
Maharashtra 28 27 28 28 27 28 22 26 27 23 23 24 24 21 26 21 20 23
Orissa 72 70 74 68 67 70 66 65 68 60 58 61 56 56 55 50 49 51
Punjab 38 33 43 34 29 40 31 26 36 27 24 31 27 27 26 24 24 25
Rajasthan 64 57 72 59 52 67 57 50 65 51 47 57 50 44 56 45 42 49
Tamil Nadu 25 23 27 24 23 26 23 22 24 21 22 21 20 20 21 19 19 19
Telangana 37 36 39 34 33 35 34 33 34
Uttar Pradesh 73 67 81 68 62 75 64 60 70 57 52 63 51 49 53 47 46 49
Uttarakhand 36 33 40 38 36 41 41 38 45
West Bengal 38 37 40 38 37 39 35 34 35 30 28 32 30 28 31 27 27 28


State wise Infant Mortality Rate (U5MR)
States/UTs 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F T M F
India 44 43 46 42 41 44 40 39 42 39 37 40 37 35 39 34 33 36
Andhra Pradesh 43 40 46 41 40 43 39 39 40 39 38 39 37 36 38 34 33 35
Assam 55 55 56 55 54 57 54 53 55 49 49 49 47 47 47 44 43 45
Bihar 44 44 45 43 42 45 42 40 43 42 39 46 42 36 50 38 31 46
Chhattisgarh 48 47 50 47 46 47 46 45 47 43 41 44 41 40 41 39 39 38
Delhi 28 25 31 25 24 26 24 23 25 20 18 22 18 18 19 18 18 17
Gujarat 41 39 42 38 36 39 36 35 37 35 34 37 33 33 34 30 31 30
Haryana 44 41 48 42 41 44 41 40 42 36 35 38 36 36 37 33 31 35
Jammu & Kashmir 41 40 41 39 38 40 37 36 38 34 33 36 26 25 27 24 24 25
Jharkhand 39 36 43 38 36 39 37 35 38 34 32 36 32 30 35 29 27 31
Karnataka 35 34 35 32 30 34 31 30 32 29 27 30 28 26 30 24 22 27
Kerala 12 11 13 12 10 13 12 10 13 12 10 13 12 10 13 10 9 11
Madhya Pradesh 59 57 62 56 54 59 54 52 55 52 51 53 50 51 48 47 49 44
Maharashtra 25 24 25 25 24 26 24 23 25 22 21 22 21 19 22 19 18 19
Odisha 57 55 58 53 52 54 51 50 52 49 48 51 46 45 47 44 44 44
Punjab 30 28 33 28 27 29 26 25 27 24 23 25 23 22 24 21 20 21
Rajasthan 52 50 53 49 47 51 47 45 49 46 44 49 43 40 47 41 39 44
Tamil Nadu 22 21 23 21 21 22 21 20 21 20 20 20 19 19 19 17 18 17
Telangana 35 34 35 34 33 34 31 31 30
Uttar Pradesh 57 55 59 53 52 55 50 49 52 48 47 50 46 44 48 43 41 45
Uttarakhand 36 34 38 34 33 35 32 30 33 33 31 34 34 31 38 38 36 41
West Bengal 32 30 34 32 31 33 31 30 33 28 26 31 26 25 28 25 24 26
Arunachal Pradesh 32 33 31 33 32 35 32 32 33 30 28 32 30 31 30 36 35 37
Goa 11 7 14 10 8 12 9 8 10 10 8 11 9 8 11 8 8 9
Himachal Pradesh 38 36 39 36 35 38 35 33 36 32 30 35 28 28 27 25 23 26
Manipur 11 8 15 10 10 11 10 9 10 11 10 11 9 8 10 11 10 13
Meghalaya 52 52 52 49 48 50 47 46 48 46 44 49 42 42 43 39 41 37
Mizoram 34 31 37 35 33 37 35 33 37 32 32 33 32 33 32 27 26 29
Nagaland 21 15 26 18 15 22 18 14 23 14 15 14 12 10 15 12 5 21
Sikkim 26 23 30 24 22 27 22 20 25 19 16 23 18 15 21 16 13 19
Tripura 29 29 29 28 26 29 26 22 30 21 19 23 20 19 21 24 25 22
A & N Islands 23 19 27 24 18 31 24 20 28 22 20 24 20 17 23 16 15 17
Chandigarh 20 21 19 20 19 22 21 20 22 23 19 27 21 20 23 14 13 14
D & N Haveli 35 35 36 33 31 35 31 29 34 26 24 28 21 21 21 17 16 17
Daman & Diu 22 17 27 22 20 25 20 19 20 18 20 15 18 18 19 19 19 19
Lakshadweep 24 27 20 24 23 25 24 19 29 20 14 26 20 20 19 19 22 15
Puducherry 19 17 20 17 15 18 17 15 19 14 12 16 11 8 14 10 9 12



Developed and Hosted by National Informatics Centre (NIC)
Content on this website is published, managed & maintained by Software Unit, Computer (HW & SW) Management. Branch, Lok Sabha Secretariat