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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO: 353
ANSWERED ON:  10.08.2018
Vector Borne Diseases
KIRIT PREMJIBHAI SOLANKI
MAUSAM NOOR
Will the Minister of



HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state:-


Will the Minister of HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Government has organized any public awareness campaigns to spread information regarding vector borne diseases and if so, the details thereof;

(b) whether there is any criteria/ mechanism for follow-up or to track the increase or the decrease in the number of people affected by vector borne diseases every year and if so, the details thereof, State/UT-wise;

(c) whether the Government has taken note of a research paper by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences and Indian Council of Medical Research stating that the annual number of dengue fever cases in India is many times higher than it is officially reported and if so, the details thereof along with the effect of under reporting of such cases on policy formulation in the matter;

(d) whether the Government is also aware of the report that the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) captures only 0.35 per cent of the clinically diagnosed dengue cases in the country; and

(e) if so, the details thereof and the corrective measures taken by the Government in this regard?


ANSWER
ANSWER
THE MINISTER OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
(SHRI JAGAT PRAKASH NADDA)



(a) to (e) : A Statement is laid on the Table of the House.







STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO.353* FOR 10TH AUGUST, 2018

(a) Yes. The National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) is an umbrella programme for the prevention and control of Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, Kala-azar, Lymphatic Filariasis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)/ Japanese Encephalitis (JE) in India. Information Education & Communication (IEC) and Behavioral Change Communication (BCC) are integral component of NVBDCP strategies for prevention and control of these Vector Borne Diseases (VBDs). To sensitize community about prevention and control of VBDs, NVBDCP has been using comprehensive IEC approach for public awareness campaigns. The brief activities carried out are at Annexure-I.

(b) Yes. Directorate of NVBDCP has mechanism of surveillance of the six vector borne diseases under it. States/UTs collect weekly/ monthly reports regarding positive cases through various sources such as labs/ field workers etc. These reports are compiled by States/UTs. Every States/UT sends weekly/monthly reports to the Directorate of NVBDCP and based on these reports, increase or decrease in cases is tracked. Statements showing the state-wise number of people affected by VBDs (Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, AES/JE, Kala-azar and Lymphatic Filariasis) during the last three years and the current year are at Annexure-II, III, IV, V, VI and VII.
(c), (d) & (e) Government is aware of some publications on estimation of dengue cases where it has been mentioned that the dengue cases in India are many times higher than reported. However, Government does not agree with the findings of such publications as the estimates in these studies are not based on appropriate surveys.

For capturing the dengue cases, NVBDCP has developed a network of laboratories with establishment of 618 Sentinel Surveillance Hospitals (SSHs). These are supported by 16 Apex Referral Laboratories. Free of cost testing of dengue is available in these laboratories.
Through this network, total 129166 cases during 2016, total 188401 cases in 2017 and 16488 cases in 2018 (till July) have been captured. We have also requested the States to make Malaria and Dengue as notifiable diseases so that cases in private sector can also be effectively captured.

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