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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF FISHERIES, ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND DAIRYING
LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO: 313
ANSWERED ON:  10.08.2021
Impact of Coastal Erosion on Fisheries
Adoor Prakash
Will the Minister of



FISHERIES, ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND DAIRYING be pleased to state:-


(a) whether the Government is aware of the struggle of fishermen families due to fast rising coastal erosion in the country;

(b) whether the Government sought report from the States to review the impact of coastal erosion and if so, the details thereof;

(c) the areas which are most affected with coastal erosion, State-wise;

(d) whether the Government is aware that coastal areas in the State of Kerala are worst hit and majority of shoreline has been eroded and if so, the details thereof; and

(e) whether the Government will consider special assistance to the State for effective preventive measures in this regard and if so, the details thereof?


ANSWER
ANSWER
THE MINISTER OF FISHERIES, ANIMAL HUSBANDRYAND DAIRYING
(PARSHOTTAM RUPALA)
(a) to (e): A Statement is placed on the Table of the House.
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Statement referred to in reply to the Lok Sabha Starred Question No. *313 put in by Adv. Adoor Prakash, Member of Parliament for answer on 10th August, 2021 regarding Impact of Coastal Erosion on Fisheries
(a) to (e): Some stretches of India’s shoreline are subject to varying degree of erosion due to natural causes or anthropogenic activities. The coastal erosion does impact coastal communities residing in the erosion prone areas including fishermen communities.

The National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR) an attached office of Ministry of Earth Sciences monitors shoreline changes along Indian Coast. NCCR has carried out a national shoreline change assessment mapping for Indian coast using 28 years of satellite data from 1990 to 2018 along nine coastal States and two Union Territories(UTs)to provide information for coastal management strategy. Based on the report of NCCR, about 32% of the coastline is under varying degree of erosion (low, moderate or high), 27% is of accreting nature and the remaining 41% is in a stable state. The state-wise shoreline changes along the Indian coast is at Annexure–I. The State-wise list of areas affected by coastal erosion including Kerala is at Annexure–II.As per NCCR studies, 41% of coastline of Kerala is subject to varying degree of erosion, 31% is stable and 21% is accreting. Further, the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change and the Central Water Commission under the Ministry of Jal Shakti also undertake studies on shoreline changes/coastal erosion and its impact.

Planning and execution of anti-sea erosion measures are undertaken by the maritime States and UTs as per their own priority and from their own resources. The role of Union Government is technical, advisory and catalytic in nature. Ministry of Earth Sciences through NCCR and National Institute of Ocean Technology has extended technical support in design of anti-sea erosion measures to Government of Kerala.

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