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ANSWERED ON:  10.12.2015
Rurban (Rural-Urban) Mission
Will the Minister of

RURAL DEVELOPMENT be pleased to state:-

(a) whether the Government has assessed the number of rural people migrated to urban areas in each State during the last three years and the current year, if so, the details thereof, State/UT-wise;

(b) whether the Government proposes to develop 300 cluster of smart villages under the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission(SPMRM) to bridge the rural-urban divide and check migration, if so, the details of guidelines and modalities drawn for the mission, State/UT-wise;

(c) the funds allocated and sanctioned for implementation of the mission during the above period along with the funds sharing pattern evolved between the Union Government and the States, State/UT-wise;

(d) whether his Ministry has incorporated the suggestions/views given by public representatives in implementing the Rurban Mission, if so, the details thereof; and

(e) whether the Government has received any project/proposal from States under the said Mission, if so the details thereof along with the action taken by the Government, State/UT-wise?


(a) to (e): A statement is laid on the Table of the House.


Statement referred to in reply to Lok Sabha Starred Question No. 168 for reply on 10.12.2015

(a): The information on number of rural people migrated to urban areas in each state during the last three years and the current year is not available. However, as per the survey on ‘Employment & Unemployment and Migration Particulars’ conducted by NSSO during NSS 64th round (July, 2007 – June, 2008), estimates of total number of rural people migrated to urban areas at all-India level and estimated percentage of migrants in urban areas who migrated from rural areas for each State/UT is given in Table-1 and Table-2 respectively of Annexure-I. An explanatory note on the information is given at Annexure-II.

(b) to (c): The Government proposes to develop rural clusters in the country under Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM). The Mission aims at development of 300 clusters in all States and UTs. These clusters would be developed by provisioning of economic activities, developing skills & local entrepreneurship and providing infrastructure amenities.The Rurban Mission will thus develop a cluster of smart Villages.
Under the SPMRM, the State Governments shall identify existing Centrally Sponsored, Central Sector or State Government schemes relevant for the development of the cluster and converge their implementation in an integrated and time bound manner. Fourteen components have been suggested as desirable for inclusion in the development of Rurban Cluster.

i. Piped water supply

ii. Agro Processing, Agri Services, Storage and Warehousing.

iii. Sanitation

iv. Solid and liquid waste management

v. Village streets and drains

vi. Street lights

vii. Health care connectivity

viii. Upgrading school education facilities

ix. Skill development training linked to economic activities

x. Inter-village road connectivity

xi. Citizen Service Centres- for electronic delivery of citizen centric services/e-gram connectivity

xii. Public transport

xiii. LPG Gas Connections

xiv. Full Digital Literacy

Further the State Government may at its own discretion additionally converge any other State or Central Government scheme not falling under the above components. These could be finalized after due consultation with the Gram Panchayats and should aim at addressing the unique needs of the ‘Rurban Cluster’ and enable it to leverage its full economic potential.

The cost of a cluster, will be based on the requirements identified and reflected in the Integrated Cluster Action Plan (ICAP), prepared by the States, for the cluster most importantly, the ICAP would draw out a detailed spatial plan for the entire cluster. A maximum of 30% of the project cost will be provided as the Critical Gap Funding (CGF) to supplement the funds mobilized through convergence of various Centrally Sponsored Schemes, Central Sector Schemes and State Schemes. For plain areas, the CGF will be capped at 30% of the Project capital expenditure or Rs 30 crore, whichever is less. In desert, hilly and tribal areas the CGF will be capped at 30% of the Project capital expenditure or Rs 15 crores- whichever is less. An outlay of Rs 5142.08 crore has been provided for the scheme for the period 2015-16 to 2019-20.

(d) to (e): The State Governments will select Gram Panchayats/cluster of geographically contiguous Gram Panchayats with a population of about 25000 to 50000 in plain and coastal areas and a population of 5000 to 15000 in desert, hilly or tribal areas as a SPMRM cluster and implement the Scheme in Mission Mode. It is desirable that the State Government identifies Gram Panchayats that are potential growth centers with resources available in the area and could lead to the economic transformation of the region. There would be two categories of clusters, Tribal and Non-Tribal. The States have been requested to select the clusters from the list of sub-districts provided to them. Wide Consultations have been held with States, academicians, concerned Ministries/Departments, stakeholders etc while formulating the scheme. The suggestions made have been suitably incorporated in the scheme.

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