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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE
LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO: 180
ANSWERED ON:  12.02.2021
National Clean Air Programme
M.K. Vishnu Prasad
Will the Minister of



ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:-


(a) whether the Government has launched National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) to reduce air pollution in the country and if so, the number of non-attainment cities that have formally launched the NCAP;
(b) the status of tangible progress achieved in these cities;
(c) whether it is a fact that the NCAP has not yet been implemented in some cities and if so, if so, the reasons therefor;
(d) whether the Government proposes to extend the programme to more cities in near future and if so, the details thereof;
(e) whether the Government proposes to increase the budget to align with the ambitions/objectives/targets under the programme; and
(f) if so, the details thereof and if not, the reasons therefor?


ANSWER

MINISTER FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(SHRI PRAKASH JAVADEKAR)

(a) to (f): A statement is laid on the Table of the House.

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Statement referred to in reply to Lok Sabha Starred Question No. 180 due for reply on 12.02.2021 regarding ‘National Clean Air Programme'' by Dr. VISHNU PRASAD M.K., Hon''ble Member of Parliament


(a) The Government has launched National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) to reduce air pollution in a comprehensive manner with targets to achieve 20% to 30% reduction in PM10 and PM2.5 levels by the year 2024 from 2017 levels. The concerned Ministries such as Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Ministry of Power, Ministry of Road & Transport, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, State Governments, Research Institutes etc. are various stakeholders in this effort.

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has identified 122 non-attainment cities based on air pollution levels exceeding National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) continuously during 2014-2018. The list of these non-attainment cities is annexed at Annexure-I.

(b), (c) and (d) Out of 122 non-attainment cities, city action plans for 111 cities have been prepared and approvedby CPCB for implementation. These action plans focus on city specific short/medium/long term actions to control air pollution from sources such as vehicular emission, road dust, burning of biomass/crop/garbage/Municipal Solid Waste, construction activities, industrial emission, etc.

Apart from source specific actions, city action plans also include actions such as capacity and infrastructure building of urban local bodies, source identification studies, emergency response system and public outreach.

Progress made on various components inter-alia includes Installation and commissioning of Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations (CAAQMS), Mechanical street sweeper, Mobile Enforcement Unit, Public awareness and capacity building activities, etc. The tangible progress made under the NCAP is given at Annexure-II.

National and State level committees have been constituted namely Steering Committee, Monitoring Committee and Implementation Committee for overall guidance and direction for effective implementation of NCAP, reviewing proposed interventions, and to evaluate the progress made.

Monitoring network is expanded continuously and list of non-attainment cities updated every year based on criteria defined by Central Pollution Control Board. New non-attainment cities, if any, are included under NCAP.

In addition, Government has also taken several measures to help in reducing air pollution across the country. These include implementation of BS VI norms, expansion of metro rail network in many cities, e-mobility, Ujjwala Yojna, Swach Bharat Mission, etc. The various measures taken by Central Government to curb air pollution is given at Annexure III.


(e) and (f) Central Government has made provisions of following funds specifically for air pollution mitigation:

(i) Rs. 336.8 crore (Rs. 111 crores in the year 2020-21, Rs. 224.74 Crores in 2019-20 and Rs. 1.06 Crore in the year 2018-19) have been sanctioned to non-attainment cities under NCAP for initiating actions such as expansion of monitoring network, construction and demolition waste management facilities, non-motorised transport infrastructure, green buffers, mechanical street sweepers, composting units etc.

(ii) ?2200 crores have been released in the Budget of FY 2020-21 to tackle the burgeoning problem of air pollution. Further, an amount of Rs. 2,217 crores has been allocated for 42 urban centres with a million-plus population in this budget for improvement of air quality.

(iii) Rs. 7365.82 Crores was allocated for Solid Waste Management under Urban Swachh Bharat Mission from 2014-2019.

(iv) A provision of Rs. 1,41,678 crores over a period of 5 years from 2021-2026 has been made for Urban Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0 with a focus on air pollution reduction by effectively managing waste from construction-and-demolition activities and bio-remediation of all legacy dump sites.

(v) Under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) scheme Rs. 1436 Crore have been allocated for non-motorised urban transport and Rs. 1768 Crores for green spaces and parks.

(vi) ? 1726.67 crores have been released for crop residue management in the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi, during the year 2018-21.


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