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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF TEXTILES
LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO: 377
ANSWERED ON:  13.12.2019
Silk Production
Ganesan Selvam
Will the Minister of



TEXTILES be pleased to state:-


(a) the total quantity of silk produced in the country particularly in Tamil Nadu during each of the last three years, State-wise;

(b) whether the Government has failed to achieve the targets fixed for the growth of silk production and if so, the details thereof and the corrective steps taken by the Government in this regard;

(c) the details of export of silk and its products during the said period, country-wise and foreign exchange earned therefrom along with the names of importing countries;

(d) the amount of funds allocated by the Government for the production of silk during each of the last three years and the current year; and

(e) whether the Government proposes to take steps to ensure price stabilization of cocoon to protect the silk growers, if so, the details thereof?



ANSWER
MINISTER OF TEXTILES
(SMT. SMRITI ZUBIN IRANI)


(a) to (e): A statement is laid on the Table of the House.

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) to (e) OF THE LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION No. *377 TO BE ANSWERED ON 13.12.2019

(a): Raw silk production in the country along with Tamil Nadu during last three years is given below:
(MT)
State 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Country 30348 31906 35468
Tamil Nadu 1914 1984 2072

The state-wise production of raw silk during each of last three years is given in Annexure-I.

(b): Country has shown increasing trend in production of silk over the years. There is Marginal shortage in achievement against the targets set.

The details of achievement made in silk production against the target during last three years are given below:

Year Target (MT) Achievement (MT) % achievement
2016-17 32000 30348 94.8
2017-18 33840 31906 94.3
2018-19 35960 35468 98.6

The main reasons for marginal shortfall in production is urbanisation in traditional silk producing states and deficient/erratic rain fall.

(c): The details of export earnings from silk goods and country-wise foreign exchange earned for last three years are given below:

Export earnings from silk during 2016-17 to 2018-19

Items 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Crore Rs. Mn.US $ Crore Rs. Mn.US $ Crore Rs. Mn.US $
Cocoons 0.32 0.05 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.002
Raw Silk 0.44 0.07 - - 1.36 0.19
Silk Yarn 14.57 2.17 15.61 2.42 23.34 3.35
Fabrics & Made-ups 1051.65 156.80 864.81 134.18 1022.43 145.85
Readymade Garments 864.33 128.87 650.48 100.93 742.27 107.30
Silk Carpet 63.78 9.51 17.34 2.69 113.09 16.11
Silk waste 98.33 14.66 101.19 15.70 129.38 18.56
TOTAL 2093.42 312.13 1649.48 255.93 2031.89 291.36
Source: Compiled from the HS code data downloaded from the website of DGCI&S, Kolkata

Country wise export earnings from silk goods during 2016-17 to 2018-19

#
Country
2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Crore Rs. Mn.US$ Crore Rs. Mn.US$ Crore Rs. Mn.US$
1 U Arab Emts 546.31 81.45 376.96 58.49 372.76 53.72
2 U S A 263.85 39.34 218.26 33.87 372.66 53.07
3 U K 128.39 19.14 131.81 20.45 107.39 15.39
4 China P Rep 89.17 13.30 78.56 12.19 102.12 14.60
5 Sudan 46.63 6.95 41.33 6.41 97.68 14.20
6 Nigeria 43.52 6.49 52.62 8.16 96.37 13.74
7 Germany 107.78 16.07 63.08 9.79 72.25 10.29
8 France 78.61 11.72 57.23 8.88 67.24 9.58
9 Australia 46.07 6.87 45.12 7.00 60.55 8.58
10 Italy 73.72 10.99 53.35 8.28 57.78 8.22
Others 669.37 99.80 531.17 82.42 625.09 89.97
Total 2093.42 312.13 1649.48 255.93 2031.89 291.36

(d): Ministry of Textiles, Government of India through Central Silk Board is implementing following beneficiary oriented schemes for the overall development of sericulture industry in the country including silk production:

i. CSB has been implementing a restructured Central Sector Scheme “Silk Samagra” for development of sericulture in the Country, which mainly focuses on improving quality and productivity of domestic silk thereby reducing the country’s dependence on imported silk.

ii. Under North East Region Textile Promotion Scheme (NERTPS), 38 Sericulture projects are being implemented in all North Eastern States.

Funds allocated and expenditure made under the above schemes during the last three years is given below:

Rs. In Crores

Scheme 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20

Allocation (RE) Expnd. Allocation
(RE) Expnd. Allocation (RE) Expnd. Allocation
(BE)


Silk Samagra 154.01 154.01 161.50 161.50 120.00 117.41 181.00


NERTPS 230.78 189.65 232.27 217.72 65.72 41.64 124.98

(e): Silk Cocoons being an agricultural based commodity, a number of factor such as climate (rainfall, drought etc.), pest and disease incidences (which affect the production and quality of cocoon), demand for silk products, international prices of silk etc. affect the cocoon prices. As marketing of cocoon and raw silk comes under the State subject, few States provide price incentive to farmers for their cocoon produce (through regulated cocoon markets), whenever there is a fluctuation in cocoon prices. The traditional silk producing States like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal follows open auctions between farmers and the reelers. The marketing of these commodities is purely done by the State.


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